Introduction, Note 6 (pages 9 and 224)

Native borderlands narratives have benefited from a recent surge in scholarly attention (p. 9) While many studies in borderlands history contain indigenous content, the represent a preliminary list of books that feature Indigenous peoples and issues more prominently. Starting with these texts, footnotes can be mined for additional studies and …

Introduction, Note 8 (pages 10 and 225)

…the Cree-Chippewa group and the Yaquis stand as unique examples of so-called foreign Indians securing federal tribal recognition and reservation lands in the United States (p.10) The Canadian Tsimshians who were settled at Metlakatla, Alaska, in 1887 are another example of foreign Indians being incorporated into the United States, but …

Chapter 1, Note 25 (pages 31 and 228)

Natives peoples’ interaction, cohabitation, intermarriage, cooperation, and occasional shared heritage provides context for such errors (p. 31) The 1900 U.S. Census used various labels in a number of Montana counties to designate full- and mixed-blood of Crees, Chippewas, and Chippewa-Crees (p. 228) The 1900 census listed a small number of …

Chapter 1, Note 39 (pages 34 and 229)

By that time, they served the predominately Pima and Papago (O’Odham) mission as the craftsmen supervisors, helping other Native groups learn “civilized” trades (p. 34) …for sources and discussion of concurrent tensions between Yaquis and Spanish in the region (p. 229) Not all Yaqui-mission relations were so cordial during this …

Chapter 3, Note 35 (pages 59 and 235)

Turner’s use of the word “extermination” would have considerable contemporary and lasting influence. (p. 59) …for additional sources and discussion of the framing of Yaqui in history in terms of genocide, extermination, et cetera. (p. 235)   Comparative genocide studies are complex, and application of the word “genocide” is not …

Chapter 3, Note 82 (pages 67 and 237)

Working against them, however, were the never-ending warfare and threats to Americans’ economic interests in Sonora. (p. 67) …for sample reports of Yaqui-Mexico warfare that circulated throughout the United States and Arizona. (p. 237)   This looming chaos – regular publicizing of never-ending warfare, intermittent declarations of peace quickly broken …

Chapter 4, Note 4 (pages 72 and 239)

Big Bear’s negative reputation—from Cree border-crossings in the early 1880s to his involvement in the bloody North-West Rebellion—would dominate the  minds of Montanans when Big Bear’s son, Little Bear (Imasees), crossed into Montana and made a decades-long attempt to establish permanent residence. (p. 72) Chapter 4, Note 4 . . …