Chapter 1, Note 41 (pages 35 and 229)

Records of the “Yaquis of Guevavi” during the following years indicate a steady population of dozens of families (p. 35)

…for discussion of Tumacácori Yaquis and their continued influence in southern Arizona (p. 229)


Records of the “Yaquis de Guevavi” during the following years indicated a steady population of dozens of families. The Ocoboas Yaqui family of Tumacácori provides an intriguing example of early Arizona activities. Present since around 1783, they achieved significant upward social mobility. From Ramón Pamplona, who served as Tumacácori’s Native governor during the early 1800s, Ocoboas Yaquis extended their lineage to the prominent Tucson Romero and Ramírez families by the 1840s via intermarriage. Descendants of other Tubac-Tumacácori Yaquis, though less successful in social mobility, remained permanently in the region during the interceding years before late-nineteenth century refugees came flooding over the border.

See sources:

  • John L. Kessell, Friars, Soldiers, and Reformers: Hispanic Arizona and the Sonora Mission Frontier, 1767–1856 (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1976), 239.
  • James E. Officer, Hispanic Arizona, 1536–1856 (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1987), 93, 352.
  • Edward Spicer, The Yaquis: A Cultural History (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1980), 237.

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